SOLUTIONS: Please watch the video below on the 5 keys to building a healthy soil. This is one of the most important videos I have ever seen. Now if we could apply this to desert land, we could transform the planet's most arid surfaces with a little extra help ...
In short, the thought is ... reduce landfill mass by bringing mulch, leaves, compost, horse manure, orange and other citrus peels, food waste, shredded paper & cardboard and coffee-bean related waste to create a layer on the desert floor creating shade, moisture, mold, and nourishment which are all the necessary components of create a healthy soil. Imagine if ALL the coffee shops around the country were require to recycle their coffee waste!
"Rainfall and river water can not sustain humanity's growing water needs in many parts of the world, and ground water reservoirs are being depleted or even contaminated by industry. However, there is more fresh water in the atmosphere than in all of the rivers of the planet combined (Source: U.S. Geological Survey). This is a tremendous opportunity." via Sky Source
I also believe we should plant rows of drought tolerant trees and create little clusters (with dew collectors at the base to make sure the trees thrive in the first few years. Creating rows of trees would slow the wind from picking up too much momentum and lift good earth and sand up into the air. It would also allow birds and insects to have a place to rest and create habitats.
I love the work of https://edenprojects.org/
Built rows of off-grid habitations for specific refugees and immigrants poplulation that are used to living in such arid conditions and we offer them a chance to work the land (for 2 years minimum) until they learn to speak English and integrate into American society (if they choose to, but they can live in the desert). They can follow courses online for their dream careers, or get orientation on how to build a life where they can be safe, respected, appreciated for their knowledge, experiences, and learn the tools they will need to navigate this part of our world. If we can teach them how to be independent constructive thinkers and teach them skills they can bring back to their own or any community ... we will create a new generation of guardians of the land.
Organic perma/poly-culture, with 10 plants minimum, will be needed on this land, and that can be done in the greenhouses or the like (remember that we are trying to accomplish growth in the desert).
This is just a very rough draft of an idea.